What is CBD ?
CBD a.k.a. Cannabinoids come from Cannabis / Hemp plants.
Cannabis plants contains both CBD and THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is one of at least 113 cannabinoids identified in cannabis. THC is the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis. the one that recreational users use to get “high”. CBD does not have this effect.
Hemp plants however contain very little THC but have a great deal of CBD.
Why do people take CBD if it does not give you a high ?
The only single answer that can be given to this is the health benefits which vary from person to person. I don’t want to say that CBD is the ‘Holy Grail’ of medicines as it is often portrayed in many of the articles I have read, with claims from huge pain relief to curing cancer are all over the web but I personally don’t know anyone that has seen these benefits.
This however does not mean these claims are not true as I only know a small number of people and most of those are in good health so do not feel the need for pain medications etc.
My girlfriend suffers from excruciating pain sometimes and is also asthmatic, the ‘oh so wonderful doctors’ have only offered her Ibuprofen gel (which asthmatics can’t take) so she will start taking CBD oil as soon as we can afford to buy some. I will add the results we get from that when we get them.
Can I take CBD alongside prescription medicines?
“CBD oil inhibits liver enzymes, so it may interfere with the breakdown of other medicines.”
“It is generally well tolerated and very safe, but it can cause drowsiness, so be careful when taking with alcohol, opioids such as co-codamol or anti-histamines. It is unlikely to interfere with anti-coagulants such as warfarin.”
cbdoilreview.org has a good review which covers some CBD Drug Interactions which I think is important to read if you do take any medications, especially orally.
From my personal standpoint I do not trust many doctors when in comes to this topic as I suspect that many would prefer to push you a big pharma pill that has multiple side effects with death amongst them. However after reading the article in the link above I would suggest either speaking to your doctor in advance or alternatively if you find you are having any issues, for example your regular medication is not working as well as it used to.
What should I look for when I am buying CBD?
CBD is usually extracted from the hemp plant as be default it contains far more than cannabis which contains more THC, CBD and hemp oil are not the same thing. So, first of all, make sure you are buying CBD oil.” (hemp oil on its own contains no CBD)
His advice is to look for a high concentration of CBD and a brand which is THC-free. However, he warns some products described as “high strength” actually contain less CBD than the lowest dose of others.
The best way to compare products – and judge which provide value for money – is to look for the amount of CBD per drop, which will be shown in the fine print.
Dajani adds: “Hemp is a bioaccumulator which absorbs heavy metals and chemical waste from the soil it is grown in, so it makes sense to look for a product made from organically grown cannabis.”
Questions, questions and more questions
I am doing this post for several reasons, above all to have a reference for myself and others to fall back on when confusion hits, but also of course because I want to use CBD for the various aches and pains I have, plus it may help improve my mental / cognitive issues.and also because my head feels like its going to explode every time I try to understand the following :
- potency / mg to buy
- how to take ie Ingestion, Sublingual, Topical or Inhalation
- which type of the ever increasing products to buy
- how much dosage to use with different potencies / different products
- actual ingredients
Personally I want to vape CBD although although others may prefer drops onto the tongue or a now myriad of other options that are also becoming available to people.
I have been to so many websites to try and get this information that my brain is melting
Retail websites are less than helpful and seem to have very little understanding on the products they are selling, more often than not when you see a bottle of CBD oil listed on a web site the only ingredient listed is CBD oil, with no mention of the carrier oil that it is in. (you should not assume that it is cannabis/hemp oil as other carriers are used as well)
In addition to this some bottles are marked as 5% potency others are marked as 500mg and occasionally they maybe marked as both, sometimes this may mean the same thing i.e. 500mg in a 10ml bottle is 5% potency however 500mg is a larger bottle is of course lower.
Many manufactures bottles will have a recommendation on X drops per day and ‘no more’ but everyone is different and one quantity for Person A maybe wholly insufficient or excessive for Person B.
I do not wish to slander companies for selling ‘substandard merchandise’ but one of the first CBD oils I looked at was from a well known high street brand here in the UK. At first it seemed to tick all the boxes my unacknowledged mind was looking for, however after further research on several forums and speaking to a good friend it appears it is nothing more than hemp oil and does not contain any or at least very little CBD and does not seem give the benefits it should and most importantly what you paying for.
There is no doubt in my mind that companies like like the aforementioned ‘high street brand’ are just the tip of the iceberg and there are multitudes of substandard CBD oils available to purchase, but equally I think its important to note there are many variants of CBD oil so whilst one type may really suck for one person it may be very beneficial for someone else.
Personally though I tend to read lots of reviews before I buy anything so if enough people say that product X sucks then I will not buy it.
From what I am reading on various sites and forums the higher quality products on the market are all from the USA as they have regulations in place that keep the quality higher than here in the UK where we have relatively little regulations at this time, the irony of this is that the UK in 2016 we were the highest exporter of cannabis related products.
In the UK the only regulations (specifically to CBD) I could find are so basic they are laughable the gist of which are if the company has paid for the medical certification they they can say it has medicinal purposes and it they have not paid up then they list it as a food supplement. UK CBD oil must not have a THC content higher than 0.3%.
The EU regulations on cannabis can be found here (if you can face reading them)
I would like to add more but as yet I have been unable to find anything else.
In America the regulations seem to differ state to state with some allowing usage of CBD and THC the medical use, some only allow CBD and others even allow for recreational use. If you live in America I suggest you check out your own state laws before you partake in the usage you desire.
The following was written by echoconnection.org
Perhaps the most common way to take CBD oil is to ingest it orally. When you ingest CBD oil, it passes through the digestive system and is metabolized by the liver, eventually sending its active compounds to your bloodstream. This form of administration is exactly how vitamins and other daily supplements are most typically taken.
Common ingestible CBD oil products include capsules, edibles, and beverages. Capsules can be easily swished down with a mouthful of water and are among the most efficient ways to take CBD. CBD oil can be infused into a wide variety of edibles and beverages, including coffee.
When CBD oil is administered sublingually, it’s held under the tongue for up to 90 seconds so that the mucus membranes in the mouth can absorb the oil’s active ingredients. The benefit of consuming CBD oil sublingually is that the absorption process bypasses the digestive system and liver metabolization, allowing the compounds to reach your bloodstream and interact with the endocannabinoid system more quickly. For those looking for quick effects, a sublingual CBD oil product is ideal.
Pure CBD oil, as well as tinctures and concentrates, are CBD products that are designed for the sublingual method of application. They can easily be held in the mouth to give the active ingredients time to be absorbed by the capillaries in the mouth before being swallowed.
Some CBD oil products are designed to be applied directly onto the skin. The active ingredients in these topical CBD products are absorbed through the skin so that they can interact with cells that are nearby the surface without ever entering the bloodstream. Topical CBD oil products are ideal for those looking for isolated pain relief or to address skin conditions because they can be applied directly to where they are needed most.
The CBD oil topical products currently on the market primarily include lotions and salves. These products are more applicable for potentially addressing pain or serious skin issues. For daily skin health care, some companies also produce a collection of CBD oil bath and body care products, such as body wash, shampoo, conditioner, and moisturizing lotions.
Finally, CBD can also be inhaled by vaporizing. A vaporizer heats CBD oil just enough to release its active compounds, avoiding the harmful byproducts that are created with combustion. During vaporization, CBD enters your lungs and diffuses directly into your bloodstream. Because it doesn’t have to make its way through the digestive system or liver, the CBD enters your circulation faster. Also, less CBD is lost during vaporizing compared to the ingestion method. Vaporizing CBD is typically a consumption option recommended for adults.
CBD oil products designed for vaporization include CBD e-liquid, which contains CBD oil infused with vegetable glycerin (VG), or high-CBD concentrate. Vaporizers range in size from tabletop, plug-in powered units to small, battery-powered portable pens.
Think about it a second, if the item you buy says it is 100% pure CBD oil but it says it is 5% potency then what is in the other 95% ?
When 100% pure CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant and dried out, it actually looks a little bit like table salt and this is called CBD isolate which is also known as CBD powder or CBD crystals. (why have one name for it when you can have three ? to confuse us even more)
CBD Oil Versus CBD e-Liquid
I read an interesting article on this the other day but it was specific to vape pens as apposed to the larger vaping devices that I and many others have the gist of which was that the carrier oil used in CBD oil was to thick to go in a vape pen without using a thinning agent such as Propylene Glycol (PG) as it would clog up the coils and taste aweful,
CBD Vape Liquid should be created using Cannabidiol (CBD) isolate. CBD isolate is an all-natural cannabinoid supplement made from refined hemp oil, all the unwanted plant extracts and waxes (found in full CBD extracts) should have been removed.
Important note. The wax contained in hemp / marijuana leaves is considered to be very bad for you, when it is smoked it is not an issue as it is burned away but vaping does not get up to the same temperatures so the wax gets inhaled instead hence the importance of its removal.
I hope I have cleared up at least some of the questions that people have though I am sure I have missed chunks as well at this time.
When I get the chance I will look at CBD for pets i.e, dogs with anxiety/pain etc for the time being I would say (and its a guess) no more than two drops per day for a dog given how much smaller they are to we humans, personally I would start with one, all that said they and we could probably take a bath in it to no ill affect but some things should never be left to chance.
Important to remember – all of the above is a guide, I would highly suggest you check other sources such as websites, friends, and pet-wise a reputable holistic vet (one that actually is holistic and not one that just claims to be)
(will add more as and when I find them)
Various stories, news etc
Drugs that May Interact with CBD Oil